The Diplomatic Society

  • Increase font size
  • Default font size
  • Decrease font size

New Foreign Policy Agenda:  Resetting the Aid policy beyond 21st Century

By Srimal Fernando and  Saber Salem

1 January 2020

Recognising the new global realities in a changing landscape in the international arena, global superpowers and emerging powers would require refashioning its foreign policies to protect their long-term interests. In the past, military might was the sole instrument that states used to colonise weaker nations.  Besides trade and defense cooperation, aid diplomacy has been hailed as an effective foreign policy tool, which can effectively promote state interests and sphere of influence.

From an analytical standpoint, the richest countries in the world granted over US$ 3.98 trillion in foreign aid to developing nations from 1962 to 2012 ( OECD 2019).  Aid, trade, investment, and governance through democracy have been valued core traits of the United States and Western foreign policy priorities. In the immediate aftermath of the Second World War, the US initiated its foreign aid policy to rebuild the war-shattered Western Europe and Japan.


Foreign Policy: “Revitalized Africa” to reset Africa and Sri Lanka diplomacy

By Srimal Fernando

24 December 2019

The next great change in Sri Lanka’s relations with African nations is within sight. The new foreign policy Revitalized Africa seeks to enhance Sri Lanka’s cooperation in the political, economic and cultural spheres across Africa.  The “Revitalized Africa” foreign policy aims to optimize the strategic linkages and cooperation through the 54 member-African Union (AU), where Sri Lanka received Observer Status in 2014.

Revitalized Africa Policy’ was prepared by the Sri Lankan Foreign Relations Ministry in consultation with line agencies. On 11 December 2019 further attempts were made to draw attention to the “Revitalized Africa” foreign policy initiative during the inaugural session of the Bilateral Political Consultations between Sri Lanka and Egypt held at the Egyptian Council for Foreign Affairs in Cairo. 


Kazakhstan Independence Day December 16

In Kazakhstan, like in many other nations around the globe, Independence Day is commemorated by conferring awards, national orders and medals on those that have made exemplary contributions to statehood. On December 16, 1991 the Constitutional Independence Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan was passed making Kazakhstan the last of the Soviets to leave the Union and declare sovereignty.

Many other milestones followed this historic date for the Kazakh people, including membership of the United Nations (UN), the International Monetary Fund (IMF) in 1992 and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in 1994. This year also marks the tenth anniversary of the closing of the world’s second largest Nuclear Test Site at Semipalatinsk by the historic decree of Nursultan Nazarbayev, First President of Kazakhstan, which paved the way for the adoption in 1996 of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty - CTBT. The country was declared a nuclear weapon free country.

Located strategically in the heart of Central Asia, Kazakhstan shares a 6800km border with Russia and a 1700km border with China. Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan are the other three regional neighbours. Kazakhstan is considered a landlocked country but adjoins a large part of the Caspian Sea in the west.


Dinesh Gunawardena takes over as Sri Lanka’s new Minister of Foreign Relations

By Srimal Fernando

9 December 2019

The newly-elected Sri Lankan President, Gotabaya Rajapaksa appointed Dinesh Gunawardena as the Minister of Foreign Relations after his Presidential election in 2019.  In addition to Foreign Affairs, Dinesh Gunawardena was also appointed as the Minister of Skills Development, Employment and Labour Relations. The new foreign minister Gunawardena hails from a well-known political family in Sri Lanka. His father, Philip Gunawardena, is a famous national hero known as 'the Father of Socialism'. Gunawardena is a graduate from the University of Oregon in the US and entered politics in 1974. In 1983, as the general-secretary of Mahajana Eksath Peramuna’s (MEP) he entered Parliament in a by-election held in Maharagma.  He is well-known as a long-standing parliamentarian and has served as a minister several times since the mid 90s.


Making Swedish slow fashion and sustainability envogue  

4 December 2019

Celebrated Swedish Costume designer Nina Sandström showcased new work at the ground-breaking arts and fashion festival Arte Botanica at Nirox Sculpture Park this past November.

Manthe Ribane, artistic director for Arte Botanica talks about the initiative:
“It’s about nature being the catalyst for synthesizing and recognising the exuberance of diversity in the arts – in particular giving fashion its place amongst the arts, beyond its commodification at the hands of profits.
In future we will look to address more about sustainability in the way we live and enjoy nature.  It’s not a question of science or human preservation for future generations. That’s how it is usually presented, but for us its more about living in nature because we are a part of it, not its master and not something separate from it. Humans over-estimate themselves.  We will also want to introduce poetry, the spoken word and literature as an integral part of fashion, music and the way Africans enjoy life.”


France invites 1,000 African entrepreneurs to 2020 Africa-France Summit in Bordeaux

On 18 November 2019, Secretary General of the Africa-France 2020 Summit H.E. Ambassador Stéphanie Rivoal, announced in Pretoria that France, with Digital Africa, will be supporting 1,000 African entrepreneurs by giving them the opportunity to participate in the Summit to be held in Bordeaux, France, 4-6 June 2020.

Photo: Mr Aurélien Lechevallier, Ambassador of France in South Africa hosted a cocktail to launch the upcoming 28th Africa France Summit on Sustainable cities. He is pictured with Ambassador Stéphanie Rivoal, SG of the Summit and Mr. Ebrahim Patel, Minister of the Department of Trade and Industry of SA

During the Summit, the French President, H.E. Mr Emmanuel Macron, will welcome leaders and stakeholders from across Africa, at a time when the continent is facing unprecedented population growth in cities.


Return on Investment (ROI)

1 December 2019

South Africa has the most diversified economy on the African Continent, the most industrialised, and a highly developed infrastructure which supports not only primary manufacturing and services sectors, but is host to the largest diplomatic representation on the continent. With over 250 representations, trade, consular and honorary consul offices, it is home to the 2nd highest number of diplomatic offices in the world, preceded only by the United Nations headquarters in New York.

Photo: China's high-level government delegation headed by Former Senior Vice Minister of Commerce H.E. Mr. Chen Jian (pictured left) with Ambassador-designate Siyabonga Cwele who has been posted to Beijing as South Africa's Ambassador and Advocate Mr Ajay Sooklal.

Many multinationals have set up operations in South Africa and have chosen the country as their base for engagement throughout the African continent.  The country is acknowledged for its innovation in the technology, communications, financial and media and entertainment arenas and has hosted a number of mega events. It has also played host to a number of high profile and influential personalities over the years.


Clairwood Secondary School makes history

6 December 2019

Clairwood Secondary School has been very fortunate in that it received a tremendous boost in its recent relationship with the Chinese Government through the perseverance and ongoing liaisons of Mr. Y Naidoo the principal, Mr Lin Songtian, Ambassador of China to South Africa and Professor Anil Sooklal, Deputy Director General for Asia and Middle East at the Department of International relations and Cooperation.

Photo: Mr Yugan Naidoo (Principal) and Mr Frank Lin WU, Co – Dean, Confucius Institute Durban University of Technology Signing of Memorandum of understanding (l-r) Mr R G Moodley - Deputy Principal, Mr A Maharaj – Deputy Principal, Professor A Sooklal – Deputy Director General Asia and Middle East Dirco,  Mr Lin Songtian, Ambassador of the Peoples Republic of China to the Republic of South Africa, Mr D N Mthetwa – Chief Education Specialist Umlazi District, Mr Fei Mingxing – Consul General of the People’s Republic of China in Durban, Mr S Naicker – Superintendent of Education Management Umlazi District, and Mr T Pillay – Representive Directors Office Umlazi District


Chancellor of Germany visits the Auschwitz-Birkenau camp

On Friday, 6 December, the Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel will pay a historic visit to the German Nazi concentration and extermination camp Auschwitz-Birkenau. It will be Angela Merkel’s first visit to the Memorial Site after her 14 years in office and the third visit of an incumbent head of government. German chancellor will be accompanied by Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki.

The visit will mark the 10th anniversary of the Auschwitz-Birkenau Foundation, established in 2009 to take care of the Memorial Site, that is the area and the remains of the former German Nazi concentration and extermination camp, currently under the care of the Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum in Oswiecim.

The German concentration camp Auschwitz set up in 1940 was intended for Polish political prisoners. Over time, along with the Auschwitz II – Birkenau which was built later and included into the facility, the camp became one of the main sites of extermination of European Jews and a symbol of Holocaust. Inside the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration and death camp, Germans murdered around one million Jews. Largest groups of victims also included Poles, Sinti and Roma, and Soviet prisoners of war.


Riedel wine glasses, Schlumberger and Cape Wines

On November 19 Dr Johann Brieger, Ambassador of Austria and Roswitha Brieger hosted a wine tasting and food pairing event to showcase Austrian heritage. Schlumberger, the world renowned Austrian sparkling wine was served as a welcome drink.

It is produced from carefully selected Pinot Blanc and Chardonnay grapes and hand riddled as the production follows a traditional method and is left to rest on the lees for 18 months. The food pairings were delectably put together by Chef Leanne Roberts to delicately enhance each of the wines served from Constantia Glen. The farm is owned by Horst Prader of Austria.

Their flagship wine ‘Constantia Glen Five’ was recently voted best red blend at the IWSC in London.


The innovative modernization of Kazakhstan

3 December 2019

The course towards the innovative modernization of Kazakhstan and the noble initiatives of the country’s leadership in world politics aimed at ensuring global and regional security and stability were highlighted at a reception to celebrate two significant holidays of Kazakhstan – the Day of the First President and the 28th Anniversary of Independence.

Pictured cutting the celebratory cake are (l-r) Mr Kanat Tumysh, Ambassador of Kazakhstan, Mr Joseph Gerard B. Angeles, Ambassador of Philippines and Dean of the Asian Group, Mr Bene M’Poko, Ambassador of the DRC and Dean of the Diplomatic Corps and  Dr Monde Tom, Director-General of the Department of Trade and Investment of South Africa

In his welcoming address Mr Kanat Tumysh, Ambassador of Kazakhstan to South Africa noted: “Today's successes in Kazakhstan have been achieved thanks to H.E. Mr. Nursultan Nazarbayev, our First and Founding President, who has transformed our country into a stable and reputable state with a growing economy.


Rest in peace

2 December 2019

Mr. Radhi-Sghaiar Bachir, Ambassador of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic to SA passed away following a short illness on 27 November 2019 whilst in hospital in Spain. A memorial service was held at the Department of International Relations and Cooperation where friends and colleagues paid tribute to Ambassador Bachir. Delivering her eulogy Minister Naledi Pandor noted that Ambassador Bachir actively engaged with all political parties, civil society, academia and friends of Western Sahara in his attempt to bring about the total emancipation of the people of Western Sahara and he will sorely be missed.


Page 5 of 6



February/March 2020















<|> <|> Indonesian Tourism responds to Millennials and wins Award 8 October 2019 "The challenge to the tourism world is not getting easier. It is not only the global economic slowdown, but also a change in... <|> A MEMORIAL, CORONATION, ENGAGEMENT AND A WEDDING: A ROYAL AFFAIR by Stella Sigcau 15 October 2019 September and October months were very busy in the royal calendars throughout South Africa... <|> Culture and Heritage Tourism Boost the Economy of the Mpondo Kingdom Mbotyi and Mngazi 15 October 2019 By Stella Sigcau Mpondo Kingdom is known for its cultural richness, beautiful... <|> SADC enhances cooperation with Indonesia 15 October 2019 ”Indonesia is ready to be part of the African development, especially in the southern African region” Photo: Ambassador of the Republic... <|> A rising star ready to make it internationally by Stella Sigcau 16 October 2019 Azemahle Lwanda Matebese a 13 year old, grade 8 scholar from Durban Girls High School has had a passion for dancing... <|> Korea calls for ease of doing business in SA 2 October 2019 This year marks Korea’s 4,352nd anniversary since its national foundation, and the 71st anniversary of its Armed Forces Day. In South... <|> Russia-Africa look to deepen scientific ties 14 October 2019 With a week to go until the first ever Russia-Africa Summit, Russia has emphasised the need to expand and deepen scientific ties between... <|> SA, Nigeria commit to condusive business environment 4 October 2019 The governments of South Africa and Nigeria have committed to creating a conducive business environment that will make it easier... <|>
© copyright 2011-2017| The Diplomatic Society| All Rights Reserved.